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India

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty, which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century.

By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.

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Alumni Share: Understanding Unconscious Bias with Anu Gupta

In this episode, we will hear from Mr. Anu Gupta, the Founder & CEO of “Be More America.” Anu is a sought-after expert in breaking bias, adult learning and psychosocial well-being. We will discuss topics around racial and gender bias and how to better understand unconscious bias in order to be a bridge builder.

VCAT South Asia

The purpose of this course is to provide cultural awareness and language training using gaming technologies along with other innovative methods. VCAT South Asia focuses on the countries of Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka; and provides a basic introduction to Hindi focused on the mission of Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief. It is a web-based course on JKO that delivers a customized course of instruction which is based on the specific area of deployment and the specific area of interest selected by the user. Users are tested on their knowledge and must score a passing grade in…

Conservative Presentation in India

An Indian national discusses keeping a conservative presentation in South Asia.

Saving Face in India

An Indian national discusses the idea of “saving face.”

Small Talk in India

An Indian national discusses first greetings and small talk.

Tea in India

An Indian national discusses the custom of drinking tea.

Collectivism in India

An Indian national dis-cusses the collectivist mindset of South Asian society.

Generation and Ethnic Tensions in India

An Indian national discusses generational differences and ethnic tensions.

Religious Diversity in India

An Indian national discusses religious diversity in India.