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South Korea

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the Peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea.

South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became the first civilian president of South Korea's new democratic era. President KIM Dae-jung (1998-2003) won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his contributions to South Korean democracy and his "Sunshine" policy of engagement with North Korea. President PARK Geun-hye, daughter of former ROK President PARK Chung-hee, took office in February 2013 as South Korea's first female leader. In December 2016, the National Assembly passed an impeachment motion against President PARK over her alleged involvement in a corruption and influence-peddling scandal, immediately suspending her presidential authorities and establishing Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn as Acting President. The impeachment was upheld in March 2017, triggering an early presidential election on 9 May 2017. South Korea will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. Discord with North Korea has permeated inter-Korean relations for much of the past decade, highlighted by the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in 2010, the exchange of artillery fire across the DMZ, and multiple nuclear and missile tests in 2016, and missile tests in 2017.

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Public Transit in Korea

In this video, a subject matter expert discusses public transportation.

Rank Structure of the USFK

In this video, a subject matter expert describes the shared command structure of USFK.

Curfew in Korea

In this video, a subject matter expert discusses curfew in South Korea and interactions with security officers.

Social Gatherings and Alcohol in Korea

In this video, a subject matter expert discusses planning ahead when socializing and consuming alcohol.

Chopstick Etiquette in Korea

In this video, a subject matter expert discusses chopstick etiquette.

Valuing Respect in Korea

A South Korean national describes the historical significance of feeling respected.

Discussing Age in Korea

In this video, a South Korean national describes the function of asking new contacts about their age.

"Have you eaten?"

In this video, a South Korean national describes why the phrase “Have you eaten?” is a common greeting.

Exploring Korean Culture

South Korean national discusses the value of exploring Korean culture.