This paper addresses the following questions: is (external) merge, the binary operation that combines two elements into a constituent in every variant of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky, 1993, 1995 and related works), an unconstrained operation? If so, what avoid generating ill-formed structures?
Two studies provided direct support for a recently proposed dialect theory of communicating emotion, positing that expressive displays show cultural variations similar to linguistic dialects, thereby decreasing accurate recognition by out-group members.
Language, Culture Shock, Cultural Intelligence, Cross-Cultural Competence (3C)
Russia, Egypt, Ukraine
The title of this issue is Global Solutions. The articles featured inside in one way or another consider solutions to ongoing global problems or provide knowledge and/or skills to those organizations and their personnel as they go about supporting missions and operations to help resolve conflict and other crises and disasters.
Regional Expertise, Language, Cross-Cultural Training
In this initial special topics issue, Robert Greene Sands and Pieter DeVisser suggest, in their detailed look at the DoD’s language, regional expertise and culture (LREC) program, that there lacks any kind of sufficient assessment mechanism to provide organizations critical understanding of their LREC
capability, while failing to also provide the individual learner with a measure of performance useful to professional career development.