Conventional wisdom and decades of psychological research have linked the provision of choice to increased levels of intrinsic motivation, greater persistence, better performance, and higher satisfaction. This investigation examined the relevance and limitations of these findings for cultures in which individuals possess more interdependent models of the self.
The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-report measure designed to assess the high-order personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. The resulting cross-cultural data set was used to address three main questions: Does the factor structure of the English BFI fully replicate across cultures? How valid are the BFI trait profiles of individual nations? And how are personality traits distributed throughout the world?
Militaries are quite adept at generating a limited amount of procedural and declarative knowledge about other cultures when they deem it valuable in achieving operational success. These efforts have demonstrated generally positive results by facilitating mission accomplishment and reducing suffering, injury, and death of both combatants and civilians. Nevertheless, these efforts are generally narrow, superficial, short-term responses to pressing needs.
In this research, we examined the impact of cultural intelligence (CQ) on intercultural negotiation processes and outcomes, controlling for other types of intelligence (cognitive ability and emotional intelligence), personality (openness and extraversion), and international experience.