This paper addresses the following questions: is (external) merge, the binary operation that combines two elements into a constituent in every variant of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky, 1993, 1995 and related works), an unconstrained operation? If so, what avoid generating ill-formed structures?
Two studies provided direct support for a recently proposed dialect theory of communicating emotion, positing that expressive displays show cultural variations similar to linguistic dialects, thereby decreasing accurate recognition by out-group members.
This report presents an overview of what the universalists and cultural relativists argue are the main problems and difficulties of current disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programmes for child soldiers.
The author examines the following limitations of research on individualism and collectivism: It treats nations as cultures and culture as a continuous quantitative variable; conflates all kinds of social relations and distinct types of autonomy; ignores contextual specificity in norms and values; measures culture as the personal preferences and behavior reports of individuals; rarely establishes the external validity of the measures used; assumes cultural invariance in the meaning of self-reports and anchoring and interpretation of scales; and reduces culture to explicit, abstract verbal knowledge.
Social comparison theory maintains that people think about themselves compared with similar others. Those in one culture, then, compare themselves with different others and standards than do those in another culture, thus potentially confounding cross-cultural comparisons.
Knowing the region of Latin America is a task that requires research in the geographical physical environment, the social structure of the region and its respective countries, the beliefs systems that inspire it, the economy that supports it, and the governing political structures leading it. However, understanding the "cosmic race" (Zelms, p. 3) is a formidable task demanding total emersion with its people, its partnerships, its platforms, and its power as an evolving and transforming race.
This Culture, Regional Expertise and Language (CREL) focused issue of the Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin contains contributions from CREL stakeholders who are engaged in today’s “heavylifting” and setting the conditions for a globally responsive and regionally engaged Army.
As cross-cultural interactions become more commonplace and of shorter durations, understanding the abilities that enable some sojourners to function competently in unfamiliar cultural contexts is increasingly important. The present investigation took a cognitive science approach to the problem of cross-cultural competence, examining metacognitive strategies for dealing with puzzling interactions.