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Cross-Cultural Competence (3C)

Military Cross-Cultural Competence Annotated Bibliography

This work is an update to Cross-cultural competence in the Department of Defense: An annotated bibliography by Gallus, J. et al. (2014, 2016) with newly published works.

A Model of Culture-General Competence for Education and Training: Validation Across Services and Key Specialties

The aim of the current study was to further test a model of culture-general competence. We call the model Adaptive Readiness for Culture (ARC). It is general in that it applies across all regions of interest. The skills that comprise ARC were identified in an earlier study of 20 Marine Corps and Army service members who had worked in multiple cultures.

Regional Expertise and Cultural Proficiency

This report describes the development of an operational tool for planners that enables them to identify REC capability requirements during the planning process.

Data Collection and Analysis for a Cross-Cultural Competence Model

This report discusses the development of a Cross-Cultural Competence (3C) model for the General Purpose Force population in the U.S. military.

Gift-Giving in Japan

A service member discusses gift-giving in Japan.

Engaging with the Japanese Culture and Language

A service member discusses engaging with the culture and language in Japan.

Socializing and Drinking in Japan

A service member discusses socializing and drinking in Japan.

Work-Life Balance in Japan

A retired service member discusses work-life balance in Japan.

Building Rapport in Japan

In this video, a service member discusses the importance of building rapport and taking an empathetic approach.

Confucianism in Japan

A Japanese national discusses the influence of Confucianism on Japanese society.